The Report strongly condemns forms of political censorship and the Ukraine’s failure to meet European standards of press freedom. “Despite paper guarantees of journalistic freedom and free expression, journalists’ rights are not respected in practice,” say the authors, quoting the use of so-called “temniki” by officials to influence the content of media. The authors say the government of President Leonid Kuchma is “an obstacle to reform and the creation of a democratic culture in the Ukraine.”
“The failure to initiate long-overdue reforms in the structure, funding and regulation of media is to blame for the continuation of corrupt practices and political influence that hinder attempts to bring about reforms necessary to create conditions in line with European standards.”
Within journalism the report says political pressure on reporters and editors is compounded by corrupt labour practices and appalling working conditions.
The report is the work of Aidan White, the General Secretary of the IFJ, and John Barsby, the President of the National Union of Journalists of Great Britain and Ireland, who visited the Ukraine 10 days ago.
The authors are particularly critical of the long-running and flawed investigation into the killing in 2000 of Gongadze, a critic of the Kuchma administration. “No case stirs the sense of injustice and corruption within the state more than that of Georgy Gongadze,” says the Report noting that many believe Gongadze was targeted because he exposed corruption at the highest levels of government.
The authors, who met with journalists’ leaders, media experts and officials, call for an international independent investigation into the Gongadze case unless immediate steps are taken to test evidence of high-level complicity in the killing. There is particular anger over the failure to verify tape recordings, allegedly incriminating President Kuchma, that are held by a former Major in the Presidential Guards, Mykola Melnychenko, who now lives in the United States.
“Unless the authorities redouble their efforts to test all the evidence and bring to justice those responsible for the killing, the IFJ should prepare an independent international inquiry to expose the flaws, mismanagement and political interference of the government that have hindered the Gongadze investigation,” says the Report.
Despite the country’s twilight conditions for press freedom, the Report says that there is evidence of an emerging opposition movement in journalism.
The authors recommend actions to promote unity among journalists, including
The full Report is available here.