Federation of Journalists (IFJ) is pleased to learn that the labour and
employment minister in Fiji’s
military regime has drawn attention to dire working conditions for media
personnel in Fiji
and highlighted a significant role for unions in positively addressing the urgent
need to improve conditions.
It was reported on October 6 that the cabinet of Fiji’s
military government approved a proposal by the minister for Labour,
Industrial Relations and Employment, Filipe Bole, to establish a Wages Council
to introduce regulations on the terms and conditions of employment in the media
Bole reportedly told the Cabinet that Fiji’s journalists and other media workers
do not have the benefit of enforceable measures to protect basic minimum standards
of working conditions and wages, which has resulted in an underpaid and
Bole was reported to have said the lack of protection was
compounded by the absence of unions in the workplace.
While the IFJ welcomes any move by power-holders to
assure journalists and media workers of fair and decent working conditions, it
is concerned that regulatory measures to address such issues must be
established through transparent, democratic and consultative processes
involving workers’ representatives.
The IFJ urges Fiji’s power-holders to take into
account the following basic minimum requirements of a Wages Council that genuinely
supports the rights of workers:
- Assurance of the council’s full independence and freedom from political interference.
- All relevant stakeholders are represented by individuals whom they nominate, including representation for workers.
- Appointment of council members with proven relevant experience.
- Legitimate legal environment and transparent processes; all submissions published and available to the public.
- Established mandate to improve workers’ rights and conditions, with mechanisms to prevent decisions that would reduce workers’ rights or conditions (such as through arbitrary dismissals and denial of opportunities).
- Through open consultation, council decisions should constitute the minimum standards of pay and working conditions (with no maximum cap).
- These decisions are best locked in through collective agreements between workers’ representatives, or media unions, and managements.
- The council must have discretion to examine sources of revenue of media units and to recommend norms for fair distribution of at least government spending on advertising.
- Mechanisms are needed to ensure outcomes are binding on employers.
In view of the Fiji regime’s efforts through 2009 to
restrict freedom of the media, freedom of expression and freedom of association,
the IFJ believes that any action genuinely intended to improve working
conditions for journalists and media workers in Fiji must, at the very least, be
preceded by a full reversal of the officially enforced censorship that currently
underpins an extremely stressful working environment for Fiji’s media
“Regulatory mechanisms that establish and protect basic
minimum requisites for employment, including basic rates of pay, job security
and recognition of professional standards, are to be welcomed and would
ordinarily indicate respect for the media’s important social role in keeping a community
informed,” IFJ General Secretary Aidan White
“However, a commitment to support improved working
conditions in Fiji’s
media industry must be backed by the assurance of free and independent
association, and the right of workers to organise and for their representatives
to negotiate collectively.
military regime is serious about improving the situation for media personnel in
it needs also to ensure that media professionals and journalists’ organisations
are fully consulted and assured of their right to form free and independent
trade unions in workplaces.”
emergency regulations in force in Fiji
since April, Fiji’s
media is forbidden to publish or broadcast anything that censors perceive to be
negative about the regime or its actions. Official censors, some of whom are
police, are now posted in all media outlets.
information contact IFJ Asia-Pacific
on +612 9333 0919
The IFJ represents over 600,000 journalists in 120 countries worldwide