Federation of Journalists (IFJ) is relieved that J.S. Tissainayagam
is safe, following more than two years of an ordeal in which the Sri Lankan Tamil journalist was accused, charged and
tried for terrorism for his journalistic reporting on human rights issues.
Tissainayagam has now left Sri Lanka, joining the growing ranks of Sri Lanka’s
senior independent journalists who have felt compelled to seek safety abroad.
The IFJ acknowledges the support of its affiliates worldwide
as well as international and local press freedom organisations who have
sustained a long campaign to secure justice and freedom for Tissainayagam since he was detained in March 2008.
However, the IFJ remains concerned that the efforts of Sri
Lankan authorities to restrict independent and critical journalism continue to sustain
a climate of self-censorship and fear among local media personnel and outlets.
was wrongfully detained in the first place, simply because of his independent
and critical writing on human rights issues in Sri Lanka. He should never have
been charged under counter-terrorism laws, and he should never have been sent
to trial,” IFJ General Secretary Aidan White
“It is a great relief for Tissainayagam,
his family, colleagues, and the press freedom community worldwide that Tissainayagam is now safely free, after being sentenced
last year to 20 years’ jail.
“But we will remain focused on countering mechanisms in Sri Lanka
that can be used to imprison journalists on the basis of their professional
work, and we will campaign for justice against those who commit violence
Tissainayagam was initially detained,
alongside his colleagues N. Jasikaran and V. Valamarthy, while working as the
director of thewww. now defunct
He was held for more than five
months before being charged in August 2008 under counter-terrorism and
emergency laws, accused of attempting to cause racial or communal disharmony in
his articles on human rights issues published in the North-Eastern Monthly in 2006 and 2007.
He was convicted on August 31 last
year to 20 years’ rigorous imprisonment. It was one of the harshest sentences
ever imposed on a journalist in a democratic country on the basis of the
content of their professional work.
While imprisoned in the notoriously
anti-Tamil Magazine Prison, Tissainayagam
was denied access to adequate medical treatment and was forced to witness the
torture of Jasikaran.
Jasikaran and Valamarthy were
released in October after related charges against them were dropped due to lack
of evidence. They now live abroad.
Tissainayagam was granted bail in
January this year, pending an appeal. At the time, concerns were still held for
his safety while in Sri
On May 3, World Press Freedom Day, Sri Lanka’s
Minister for External Affairs, G.L. Peiris, told a press conference that
President Mahinda Rajapaksa would pardon Tissainayagam.
However, details and any conditions for a pardon have not been stated publicly.
The IFJ’s long-running “Release Tissa” campaign included
sending lawyers from the International
Commission of Jurists (ICJ) to attend his trial as independent observers to monitor
the application of judicial process.
In September 2009, the
ICJ issued a statement condemning Sri Lanka’s
use of counter-terrorism laws, saying the trial of Tissainayagam fitted a
pattern of government “attacks and threats of attacks against journalists and
critics of Government policy, including public accusations by persons
associated with the Government that equate such critics with terrorists and
traitors, for example, in commentaries posted on an official website of the
Ministry of Defence, Public Security, Law and Order.”
An unconditional pardon for Tissainayagam has been a key step demanded by the
IFJ as an indicator of the Sri Lankan Government’s commitment to press freedom
after years of restrictions and violence targeting media personnel.
Other steps that the Government must
take, as well as further details on Tissainayagam’s
case, are outlined in Key Challenges for the Media After War’s End,
an IFJ report of a press freedom mission to Sri Lanka, published in December. The
On January 24, shortly after the
report’s release and two days before Sri Lanka’s presidential elections,
Lanke-e-News commentator Prageeth Eknaligoda disappeared. Eknaligoda’s whereabouts
remain unknown and grave concerns are held for his welfare. The Government of
Sri Lanka must direct authorities to conduct a full and proper investigation,
which has not yet been conducted.
“The IFJ hopes that Tissainayagam’s
freedom and safe passage will be followed quickly by reinstatement of the
rights of all journalists in Sri Lanka,
including their right to conduct independent journalism without fear of violent
retribution, and the right to report critically and impartially on all matters
of concern to the people of Sri
Lanka,” White said.
The IFJ calls on Sri Lanka’s
Government to take swift action to end the campaign of antagonism against Sri
Lanka’s media, to protect and uphold the civil, political and human rights of
all journalists and, in doing so, to allow all Sri Lanka
media personnel to work independently without fear of retribution and to enable
exiled journalists to return safely to their homeland.
information contact IFJ Asia-Pacific
on +612 9333 0919
represents over 600,000 journalists in 125 countries worldwide