The International and European Federations of Journalists are calling for action to stop the proposed merger of 21st Century Fox Inc and Sky plc, claiming it would ”undermine media plurality and be against the public interest”.
The IFJ and EFJ joined forces with the National Union of Journalists in the UK and Ireland and the UK Trades Union Congress and the European TUC to welcome the decision of the European Commission to examine the bid and urged it to consider the impact on media diversity and plurality in the UK.
In its submission to the investigation the IFJ called for action to oppose the merger.
Anthony Bellanger, IFJ general secretary, said: “Media plurality is a cornerstone of democracy. Without it, all the talk of a free and independent media is nothing but empty words. We want to see action at a UK and European level, not just to defend but also to extend media plurality and diversity. In today’s troubled world citizens need to have access to diverse and reliable news sources – this proposed merger reduces plurality and undermines diversity – as such it is clearly against the public interest”.
Britain has one of the most concentrated media environments in the world, with three companies controlling 71 per cent of national newspaper circulation and five companies in command of 81 per cent of local newspaper titles. Sky and NewsCorp are already the biggest commercial news producers in the UK. Sky News Radio is the main news supplier to more than 280 commercial stations. Sky’s only real competitor in radio news production is the BBC. In television, there are now only two UK-based 24-hour TV news channels – Sky News and the BBC News Channel.
The hacking scandal and its aftermath have demonstrated how concentrations of media power can be used to harm journalists, journalism and democracy. In addition, many local communities have lost the means to publicly hold power to account.
If the merger goes ahead, it will undermine news plurality. The merged company will be the only news and media provider serving all four media platforms at the wholesale level, giving a significant and, in many cases, dominant presence across them. It will effectively become –
• the largest newspaper provider
• the third-largest TV provider
• the second-largest provider of radio news content
• the fourth-largest online news provider.
It would bring together Britain’s monopoly satellite platform and its largest broadcaster by revenue. The merger would make Rupert Murdoch the only person ever to control a substantial share of wholesale news provision on all the main news platforms and be a strong presence on leading third-party sites, such as YouTube and Yahoo, further extending the company’s reach. Sky News online is the most widely featured news source on Yahoo’s UK news page, accounting for more than 25 per cent of articles in February 2017 and more than 50 per cent of headlines.
Free, independent journalism and media diversity are crucial to our democracy.
We believe the risks posed by further concentration of media ownership fundamentally undermines the public interest.
Seamus Dooley, NUJ acting general secretary, said: “The determination of the Murdochs to extend their power, wealth and influence knows no bounds. The need for media plurality is recognised in the European Charter of Fundamental Rights and in that context the European Commission has a direct role in examining the proposed merger. The NUJ has always believed that media diversity is essential in a healthy democracy. We have already witnessed the impact of media concentration on journalism and politics. We must ensure that at national and European levels every effort is made to halt the onward march of the Murdochs.” Download the NUJ submission.
The IFJ represents 600,000 journalists in 167 organisations in 141 countries. The NUJ represents 30,000 members in the UK and Ireland. The TUC represents more than 5.6 million workers in 50 unions. The ETUC comprises of 89 national trade union confederations in 39 countries and it also includes 10 European trade union federations.
For more information, please contact IFJ on + 32 2 235 22 16