Selon les Fédérations internationale et européenne des journalistes et leur affilié l'Association des journalistes néerlandais (NVJ), la journaliste néerlandaise et correspondante basée à Diyarbakir (Turquie), Frederike Geerdink, a été extradée vers Amsterdam par les autorités turques qui l'accusent d' "entraver des opérations militaires et de soutenir une organisation terroriste". Geerdink est détenue depuis deux jours en réponse à sa couverture des protestations émises par une organisation kurde à propos des heurts opposant les militants du Parti des travailleurs du Kurdistan (PKK), interdit par les autorités turques, et les forces militaires turques.
Les organisations ont envoyé la lettre ci-dessous à l'Ambassadeur de la Turquie aux Pays-Bas
To the Ambassador of the Republic of Turkey in The Netherlands
On behalf of the Dutch Association of Journalists (NVJ), the European Federation of Journalists (EFJ) and the International Federation of Journalists (IFJ), we ask your attention for the following matter and ask you to address this matter with the responsible authorities in Turkey.
We find the arrest and deportation of the Dutch journalist Mrs. Frederike Geerdink very alarming and contrary to international law and international treaties, ratified by the Turkish State.
We sincerely ask you to withdraw the decision to no longer admit Mrs. Geerdink to the Republic of Turkey. The NVJ, EFJ and IFJ point out that Frederike Geerdink is a professional and independent journalist, who is working for international recognized media companies in The Netherlands, Turkey and other European countries.
In a democratic society the press performs the function of a public watchdog, journalists therefore have the right to freedom of expression. Any restriction on this right means that the press is hindered in its role of public watchdog.
The arrest and deportation of Frederike Geerdink on the 9th of September of this year is a severe violation of several fundamental rights in a democratic society. We are deeply concerned about the impact that these measures have on the functioning of the press in Turkey, especially on the ability for journalists to do their work.
The NVJ, EFJ and IFJ emphasize the “chilling effect” of the measures taken by the Turkish authorities against Frederike Geerdink. Several times the European Court of Human Rights has ruled that restrictions on freedom of expression have a devastating effect on freedom of the press. Measures against journalists must therefore be taken very cautiously and should only apply to cases where there’s a pressing social need, which hardly occurs. The deportation and entry against Frederike Geerdink is in no way imperative and constitutes a violation of the freedom of the press as provided for in Article 10 European Convention on Human Rights.
The NVJ, EFJ and IFJ are independent, non-political and non-governmental organisations registered in The Netherlands and Belgium. Together, they represent more than 600.000 journalists in 134 countries.
Dutch Association of Journalists Nederlandse Vereniging van Journalisten (NVJ)
Marjan Enzlin, President and Thomas Bruning, General Secretary
European Federation of Journalists (EFJ)
Mogens Blicher Bjerregård, President
International Federation of Journalists (IFJ)
Jim Boumelha, President