Ukrainian journalist Maria Varfolomeyeva has been held under arbitrary detention since 9 January 2015 in Luhansk city by the authorities of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People’s Republic (LPR). The journalist has been accused of spying for the Ukrainian nationalist movement (Right Sector) and threatened with a 15-year jail sentence, media reported. The International and European Federations of Journalists, representing around 600,000 journalists in the world, have backed their Ukrainian affiliates in condemning such an unlawful detention and urge for her immediate release.
According to reports, Varfolomeyeva, working for local news website Svobodny Reporter and as a fixer for various national media, was taking photos of an apartment block in Luhansk on 9 January 2015 when she was detained by representatives of the LPR and later threatened with a 15-year jail sentence.
“It is absolutely unlawful for a party to a conflict to keep captive a journalist reporting the war,” said the IFJ President, Jim Boumelha. “This seems a clear attempt to intimidate journalists who are just trying to cover the conflict by accusing them of spying. We urge the international authorities to call on the self-proclaimed LPR’s representatives to immediately release her.”
EFJ President Mogens Blicher Bjerregård said that, “Intimidation and detention of journalists in Eastern Ukraine are not acceptable. The EFJ considers unacceptable the obstruction of journalists carrying out their professional duties. We call for an immediate release of all detained media workers in the region.”
IFJ and EFJ affiliates, the National Union of Journalists of Ukraine (NUJU), the Independent Media Trade Union of Ukraine (IMTUU) and the Russian Union of Journalists (RUJ), had previously denounced the case and asked the LPR to respect the Protocol 1, article 79 of the Geneva Convention, saying that journalists are not part of the armed forces in a conflict and that they must be protected as civilians.
“Detaining and holding journalists captive are unacceptable actions that violate the Geneva Conventions. Such actions may be held criminally accountable,” alerted the IMTUU President, Yuriy Lukanov, who described Varfolomeyeva’s jail sentence as “ridiculous”. Sergiy Tomilenko, Acting Chairman of NUJU, called on all parties of the conflict not to treat journalists as soldiers. “They do not fight, but gather information for their audience so it can understand what is going on. This arrest is unacceptable.”
Both Federations will submit this case to the Council of Europe’s platform to promote the protection of journalism and safety of journalists. Since its creation in April 2015, 118 alerts of media violations have been submitted to the platform, 105 of them by the IFJ and the EFJ.
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The IFJ represents more than 600,000 journalists in 139 countries
The EFJ represents 320,000 journalists in 41 countries in Europe